What is Industrial Biotechnology?
Industrial biotechnology is an enabling technology that uses biological substances, systems and processes to produce materials, chemicals and energy. With a critical demand for products and processes that utilise feedstocks other than the diminishing and climate altering petrochemical resources, industries are increasingly looking to opt to bio-based routes to enable the manufacture of products with a potentially reduced carbon footprint; improved recyclability; better use of sustainable raw materials; and reduced reliance on heavy and precious metals as catalysts.
Typically, IBioIC is concentrated around the following four colours of biotechnology.
Healthcare or red biotechnology is about the discovery and use of novel drugs, vaccines, clinical technologies and stem cell applications.
Industrial or white biotechnology uses enzymes and micro-organisms to make biobased products in sectors such as chemicals, food and feed, detergents, paper and pulp, textiles and bioenergy (such as biofuels or biogas).
Agricultural or green biotechnology is about the discovery and use of novel genes, processes and materials in land, plants, agricultural crops and forestry.
Marine or blue biotechnology refers to the use of novel genes, processes and materials in freshwater and marine organisms.